A Grotesque

Not all of the entries below are in the proper MLA format.




Adam, Lynn Anne. “Kathy Acker and the Hysterical Sublime: The Movements of Technological Martyrdom, Grotesque Perversity, and Post-Freudian Aesthetics.” Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 2001 Nov; 62 (5): 1831. U of Alberta, 2001.DANQ60268

Adams, James Luther and Wilson Yates, eds. The Grotesque in Art and Literature: Theological Reflections. Grand Rapids, MI: W. B. Eerdmans, 1997.

Adams, James Luther. "The Grotesque and Our Future."  Adams and Yates 69-74.

Alexander, Ian. “The Twitching of an Amputated God: Grotesque Doubling in Conrad's Victory.” Mills. 63-76.

Amigoni, David. “'Borrowing Gargantua's Mouth': Biography, Bakhtin and Grotesque Discourse-James Boswell, Thomas Carlyle and Leslie Stephen on Samuel Johnson.” Trodd, Barlow, and Amigoni 21-36.

Antor, Heinz. “Unreliable Narration and (Dis-)Orientation in the Postmodern Neo-Gothic Novel: Reflections on Patrick McGrath's The Grotesque (1989).” Miscelánea: A Journal of English and American Studies, 2001 24: 11-37.

Arbus, Diane. Diane Arbus. Millerton, NY: Aperture, 1972.

___. Diane Arbus: Magazine Work. Ed. Doon Arbus and Marvin Israel. Millerton, NY: Aperture, 1984.

Anderson, Sherwood. "The Book of the Grotesque." Winesburg, Ohio.

Artaud, Antonin. The Theatre and Its Double. Trans. Mary Caroline Richards. New York: Grove Press, 1958.

Bagehot, Walter, Wordsworth, Tennyson and Browning; or Pure, Ornate and Grotesque Art in English Poetry, in Collected Works, ed. N. St. John Stevas, vol. II, London, 1965.

Bakhtin, Mikhail. Rabelais and His World. Trans. Helene Iswolsky. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1968.

Ball, John Clement. “Pessoptimism: Satire and the Menippean Grotesque in Rushdie's Midnight's Children.” English Studies in Canada 1998 Mar; 24 (1): 61-81

Barlow, Paul. “Grotesque Obscenities: Thomas Woolner's Civilization and Its Discontents.” Trodd, Barlow, and Amigoni 97-113.

Barlow, Paul. “Thomas Carlyle's Grotesque Conceits.” Trodd, Barlow, and Amigoni 37-56.

Bartoshevitch, Alexei. “From Tragedy to Grotesque: On the Typology of Contemporary Shakespearean Production.” pp. 127-32 IN: Parfenov, Alexandr (ed.); Price, Joseph G. (ed. and introd.); Russian Essays on Shakespeare and His Contemporaries. Newark, DE: U of Delaware P; 1998. (209 pp.)

Bataille, Georges, ed. Encyclopaedia Acephalica, Comprising the Critical Dictionary & Related Texts. Documents of the Avant-Garde. London: Atlas Press, 1995.

Bazzoni, Jana O'Keefe. “Grotesque Innamorata: The Transforming Object of Desire in Pirandello and His Contemporaries.” Pirandello Studies: Journal of the Society for Pirandello Studies 1997; 17: 5-33.

Becker, Ernest. The Denial of Death. NY: Free Press, 1973.

Berger, John. "Francis Bacon and Walt Disney." In About Looking. New York: Pantheon, 1980: 111-18.

Berkowitz, Alan Steven. “Twisted Apples: Sherwood Anderson's Grotesque America and the Literature of Dysfunction.” Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 1997 Nov; 58 (5): 1705. City U of New York, 1997.

Boyd, Annita. “Conventional Texts-Experimental Contexts: The Institutional Use of Horror Films in Experimental Psychology.” Mills 225-37.Burwick, Frederick L. “Edgar Allan Poe: The Sublime, the Picturesque, the Grotesque, and the Arabesque.” Amerikastudien/American Studies 1998; 43 (3): 423-36.

Braund, Susann Morton and Wendy Raschke. "Satiric grotesques in public and private: Juvenal, Dr Frankenstein, Raymond Chandler and 'Absolutely Fabulous.' Greece & Rome 49 ( April 2002): 62-84.

Brown, Nicola. "Entangled Banks': Robert Browning, Richard Dadd and the Darwinian Grotesque." Trodd, Barlow, and Amigoni 119-39.Ashgate; 1999. xiv, 212 pp. (book article)

Brown, Norman O. "The Excremental Vision." Life Against Death: The Psychoanalytical Meaning of History. NY: Vintage, 1959. 179-201.

Burlinson, Kathryn. “'All Mouth and Trousers': Christina Rossetti's Grotesque and Abjected Bodies.” Women's Poetry, Late Romantic to Late Victorian: Gender and Genre, 1830-1900. Armstrong, Isobel Virginia Blain, eds. New York: Macmillan/St. Martin's, 1999: 292-312.

Caruso, Teresa Clark. Feminism and Flannery O'Connor: A Study of the Feminine Grotesque Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences, 2001 June 61 (12): 4772. Indiana U, Pennsylvania, 2001.

Collins, Felicity. “Brazen Brides, Grotesque Daughters, Treacherous Mothers: Women's Funny Business in Australian Cinema from Sweetie to Holy Smoke.” Senses of Cinema: An Online Film Journal Devoted to the Serious and Eclectic Discussion of Cinema, 2002 Nov-Dec 23: (no pagination).

Collins, Judith Arnold Roberts. “'Too Lovely to Explore': Edna St. Vincent Millay and the Critical Transformation of Sentiment into Grotesque-and Back Again.” Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences, 2001 Mar 61 (9): 3562-63. U of Kentucky, 2000.

Csicsery-Ronay, Istvan, Jr. “On the Grotesque in Science Fiction.” Science Fiction Studies , 2002 Mar 29 (1 (86)) 2002: 71-99.

Cucinella, Catherine. “'Dress Up! Dress up and Dance at Carnival!' The Body in Elizabeth Bishop's 'Pink Dog'” Rocky Mountain Review of Language and Literature, 2002 56 (1): 73-83.

Cuillé, Tili Boon. “The Sublime and the Grotesque: Opera and the Romantic Aesthetic.” European Romantic Review, 2002 June 13 (2): 161-67.

Canfield, Mary Cass. 1927. "Grotesques." Grotesques and Other Reflections on Art and the Theatre. Port Washington, NY: Kennikat Press, 1968: 3-11.

Carter, Michael. “Perspective, Oil Painting and the Ends of the World.” Mills 181-91.

Cassuto, Leonard. The Inhuman Race: The Racial Grotesque in American Literature and Culture. New York: Columbia U O, 1997.

Clark, John R. The Modern Satiric Grotesque and Its Traditions. Lexington: U Kentucky Press, 1991.

Clayborough, Arthur. The Grotesque in English Literature. London: Oxford, 1965.

Coleman, A. D. The Grotesque in Photography. New York: Summit Books, 1977.

Cook, John W. "Ugly Beauty in Christian Art." Adams and Yates 125-42.

Corey, Susan. "The Religious Dimensions of the Grotesque in Literature: Toni Morrison's Beloved." Adams and Yates 227-42.

Cox, Harvey. "The Purpose of the Grotesque in Fellini's Films." Celluloid and Symbols. Ed. John C. Cooper and Carl Skrade. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1970: 92-101.

Cramer, Thomas, Das Groteske bei E. T. A. Hoffman, Munich, 1966.

Crowson, Sue. “Mother, Stepmother, and the Mother Tongue: Women beyond the Grotesque in Aphra Behn's Sir Patient Fancy.” Aphra Behn (1640-1689): Identity, Alterity, Ambiguity. Ed. Mary Ann O'Donnell, Bernard Dhuicq, and Guyonee Leduc. Paris, France: Harmattan, 2000: 183-89.

Dali, Salvador. "The Stinking Ass." Surrealists on Art. Ed. Lucy R. Lippard. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1970.

Danow, David K. The Spirit of Carnival: Magical Realism and the Grotesque. Lexington: U Kentucky P, 1995.

Davies, Mark. “Aspects of the Grotesque in Rushdie's The Satanic Verses.” Mills 51-61.

Davison, Neil R. “'We Are Not a Doctor for the Body': Catholicism, the Female Grotesque, and Flann O'Brien's The Hard Life.” Literature and Psychology, 1999 45 (4): 31-57.

Delogu, C. Jon. “Reading Ruskin on the Grotesque in France: A Metamorphosis of Sorts.” Imaginaires: Revue du Centre de Recherche sur l'Imaginaire dans les Littératures de Langue Anglaise, 1999: 71-86.

Delogu, C. Jon. “'Shit Happens': Grotesque-reality in the Narrative Fictions of Ian McEwan.” GRAAT: Publication des Groupes de Recherches Anglo-Américaines de l'Université François Rabelais de Tours, 1999: 20: 61-71.

Develter, Suzanne Marie. “Ritual Embodiment: A Study in the Caribbean Grotesque.” Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 2001 June; 61 (12): 4760. U of California, Davis, 2000.DA9997355

DiRenzo, Anthony. American Gargoyles: Flannery O'Connor and the Medieval Grotesque. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1993.

Dorff, Linda. 'I Prefer the 'Mad' Ones': Tennessee Williams's Grotesque-Lyric Exegetical Poems.” Southern Quarterly: A Journal of the Arts in the South, 1999 Fall 38 (1): 81-93.

Dorrian, Mark. “On the Monstrous and the Grotesque.” Word & Image: A Journal of Verbal/Visual Enquiry, 2000 July-Sept 16 (3): 310-17.

Dow, William. “Jean Toomer's Cane and Winesburg, Ohio: Literary Portraits from the 'Grotesque Storm Center'.” Q/W/E/R/T/Y: Arts, Littératures & Civilisations du Monde Anglophone 1997 Oct; 7: 129-36.

Duggan, Laurie. “Grotesque, Mirthful, Cunning, and Quaint: May Gibbs and Suburban Space.” UTS Review: Cultural Studies and New Writing 1998 May; 4 (1): 140-49.

Dunwell, Lara. “'Render(ing) Our Lives Believable': Gabriel García Márquez and the Grotesque.” pp. 85-89 IN: Marx, Lesley (ed. and introd.); Nas, Loes (ed. and introd.); Dunwell, Lara (ed.); Fissions and Fusions. (Bellville, South Africa): University of the Western Cape; 1997. (vi, 175 pp.)

Edwards, Anthony T. “Historicizing the Popular Grotesque: Bakhtin's Rabelais and His World and Attic Old Comedy.” pp. 27-55 IN: Branham, R. Bracht (ed. and introd.) Bakhtin and the Classics. Evanston, IL: Northwestern UP. 2002.

Fearnow, Mark. The American Stage and the Great Depression: A Cultural History of the Grotesque. New York: Cambridge U P, 1997.

Ferguson, Christine. “'Gooble-Gabble, One of Us': Grotesque Rhetoric and the Victorian Freak Show.” Victorian Review: The Journal of the Victorian Studies Association of Western Canada and the Victorian Studies Association of Ontario 1997 Winter; 23 (2): 244-50.

Fiedler, Leslie. Freaks: Myths and Images of the Secret Self. New York: Simon and Shuster, 1977.

Free, William J. "Fellini's I Clowns and the Grotesque." Federico Fellini: Essays in Criticism. Ed. Peter Bondanella. New York: Oxford, 1978: 188-201.

Freud, Sigmund, Jokes and their Relationship to the Unconscious. Trans. by James Strachey, London, 1960.

Froehlich, Peter Alan. “Faulkner and the Frontier Grotesque: The Hamlet as Southwestern Humor.” pp. 218-40 IN: Kartiganer, Donald M. (ed. and introd.); Abadie, Ann J. (ed.); Faulkner in Cultural Context: Faulkner and Yoknapatawpha Series, 1995. Jackson, MS: UP of Mississippi; 1997. (xvi, 316 pp.)

Frontain, Raymond-Jean. “Bakhtinian Grotesque Realism and the Subversion of Biblical Authority in Rochester's Sodom.” pp. 71-95 IN: Frontain, Raymond-Jean (ed.); Reclaiming the Sacred: The Bible in Gay and Lesbian Culture. New York, NY: Haworth; 1997. (262 pp.)

Gamman, Lorraine. “Visual Seduction and Perverse Compliance: Reviewing Food Fantasies, Large Appetites and 'Grotesque' Bodies.” Fashion Cultures: Theories, Explorations and Analysis. London, England: Routledge. Ed. Stella Bruzzi and Pamela Church Gibson. 2000: 61-78.

Gentry, Marshall Bruce. Flannery O'Connor's Religion of the Grotesque. Jackson: U P of Mississippi, 1986.

Gleeson-White, Sarah. “Revisiting the Southern Grotesque: Mikhail Bakhtin and the Case of Carson McCullers.” Southern Literary Journal, 2001 Spring 33 (2): 108-23.

Gordon, Linda. “The Surrealist Grotesque.” Mills 193-205.

Greene, Michael D. “Moving to the Clear: A Study of the Grotesque in the Writing of Michael Ondaatje.” Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 1997 Oct; 58 (4): 1287-88. Dalhousie U.DANN15782

Griffiths, Anthony. The Grotesque: Ornamental Prints from the British Museum. London: South Bank Centre, 1995.

Guagliardo, Huey. “'A Life of Loneliness and Oddity': Freaks, Alienation, and the Consoling Power of Narrative in Lewis Nordan's Fiction.” Southern Quarterly: A Journal of the Arts in the South 2003 Spring; 41 (3): 64-77.

Guzlowski, John. “Isaac Bashevis Singer's Satan in Goray and Bakhtin's Vision of the Carnivalesque.” Critique: Studies in Contemporary Fiction, 1998 Winter 39 (2): 167-75.

Hargreaves, Tracy. “The Grotesque and the Great War in To the Lighthouse.” pp. 132-50 IN: Raitt, Suzanne (ed.); Tate, Trudi (ed.); Women's Fiction and the Great War. Oxford, England: Clarendon; 1997. (293 pp.)

Harpham, Geoffrey. On the Grotesque: Strategies of Contradiction in Art and Literature. Princeton: Princeton U P, 1982.

Harris, Nicola. “'The Danse Macabre': Hardy's The Return of the Native, Browning, Ruskin and the Grotesque.” Thomas Hardy Yearbook 1998; 26: 24-30.

Hartley, Lucy. “'Griffinism, Grace and All': The Riddle of the Grotesque in John Ruskin's Modern Painters.” Trodd, Barlow, and Amigoni 81-94.

Hazleton, Roger. "The Grotesque, Theologically Considered." In Adams and Yates 75-81.

Heffernan, James A. W. “Love, Death, and Grotesquerie: Beardsley's Illustrations of Wilde and Pope.” Book Illustrated: Text, Image, and Culture, 1770-1930. Ed. Catherine Golden. New Castle, DE: Oak Knoll 2000: 195-240.

Hill, Nancy K. A Reformer's Art : Dickens' Picturesque and Grotesque Omagery. Columbus: Ohio State U P, 1981.

Hitchcock, Peter. “The Grotesque of the Body Electric.” pp. 78-94 IN: Bell, Michael Mayerfeld (ed. and introd.); Gardiner, Michael (ed. and introd.); Bakhtin and the Human Sciences: No Last Words. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage; 1998. (x, 235 pp.)

Hollington, Michael. Dickens and the Grotesque. Totowa, NJ: Barnes and Noble, 1984.

Hume, Kathryn. "Robert Coover and the Metaphysics of Bondage." The Modern Language Review 98 ( 2003): 827-841.

Jennings, Lee Byron, The Ludicrous Demon. Aspects of the Grotesque in German Post-Romantic Prose, Berkeley/Los Angeles, 1963.

Johnson, Heather. “Textualising the Double-Gendered Body: Forms of the Grotesque in The Passion of New Eve.” Angela Carter. Ed. Alison Easton. New York, NY: St. Martin's, 2000: 127-60.

Jordan, Sarah. “From Grotesque Bodies to Useful Hands: Idleness, Industry, and the Laboring Class.” Eighteenth-Century Life 2001 Fall; 25 (3): 62-79.

Kaplan, Steven (ed. and introd.) The Image of the Outsider in Literature, Media, and Society. Pueblo, CO: Society for the Interdisciplinary Study of Social Imagery, University of Southern Colorado 2002.

Kayser, Wolfgang. The Grotesque in Art and Literature. Trans. Ulrich Wisstein. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1963.

Kelso, Sylvia. “Monster Marks: Sliding Significations of the Grotesque in Popular Fiction.” Mills 105-18.

Kilcourse, George. “'Parker's Back': 'Not Totally Congenial' Icons of Christ.” pp. 35-46 IN: Murphy, John J. (ed. and foreword); Adams, Linda Hunter (ed.); Cracroft, Richard H. (ed.); Howe, Susan Elizabeth (ed.); Flannery O'Connor and the Christian Mystery. Provo, UT: Center for the Study of Christian Values in Literature, Brigham Young University; 1997. (xi, 276 pp.)

Kline, Michael. “Narrating the Grotesque: The Rhetoric of Humor in John Kennedy Toole's A Confederacy of Dunces.” Southern Quarterly: A Journal of the Arts in the South, 1999 Spring-Summer 37 (3-4): 283-91.Knight, G. Wilson. "King Lear and the Comedy of the Grotesque." The Wheel of Fire. London: Oxford University Press, 1959: 174-93.

Kuryluk, Ewa. Salome and Judas in the Cave of Sex: The Grotesque: Origins, Iconography, Techniques. Evanston: Northwestern U P, 1987.

LaChaud, Maxime. “Carnivalesque Rituals and the Theological Grotesque in the Southern Novels of Harry Crews and Cormac McCarthy/Rituels carnavalesques et grotesque théologique dans les romans sudistes de Harry Crews et Cormac McCarthy.” pp. 61-71; 229-40 IN: Chollier, Christine (ed. and preface); Cormac McCarthy: Uncharted Territories/Territoires Inconnus. Reims, France: PU de Reims; 2003. (345 pp.).

Larsen, David. “South Park's Solar Anus, or, Rabelais Returns: Cultures of Consumption and the Contemporary Aesthetic of Obscenity.” Theory, Culture & Society 2001 Aug; 18 (4): 65-82.

Lavery, David. "News From Africa: Fellini/Grotesque." Post Script 9.1 & 2 (1990): 82-98.

LeBesco, Kathleen (ed. and introd.) Bodies out of Bonds: Fatness and Transgression. Berkeley, CA: U of California P, 2001.

Lehan, Richard. “The Grotesque End Product of the American Dream.” pp. 104-10 IN: de Koster, Katie (ed. and introd.); Readings on The Great Gatsby. San Diego, CA: Greenhaven; 1998. (192 pp.

Ludwig, Sämi. “Grotesque Landscapes: African American Fiction, Voodoo Animism, and Cognitive Models.” Mapping African America: History, Narrative Formation, and the Production of Knowledge. Ed. Maria Diedrich, Carl Pedersen, and Justine Tally. Hamburg, Germany: LIT, 1999. 189-202.

Macklin, Gerald Martin. “Representations of the Grotesque in the Early Verse of Arthur Rimbaud.” Orbis Litterarum: International Review of Literary Studies 1997; 52 (4): 221-39.

Maiorino, G. The Portrait of Eccentricity: Arcimboldo and the Mannerist Grotesque. University Park: Penn State UP, 1991.

Mallan, Kerry. “Witches, Bitches and Femmes Fatales: Viewing the Female Grotesque in Children's Films.” Papers: Explorations into Children's Literature, 2000 Apr 10 (1): 26-35.

March, Cristie. “Bella and the Beast (and a Few Dragons Too): Alasdair Gray and the Social Resistance of the Grotesque.” Critique: Studies in Contemporary Fiction 2002 Summer; 43 (4): 323-46.

Marshall, Elaine. “Irruptions of the Grotesque in Harriet Jacobs' Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl.” JAISA: The Journal of the Association for the Interdisciplinary Study of the Arts (JAISA) 1997 Spring; 2 (2): 17-34.

Martinez, Marc. “'Offensive Matter': La Mise en scene du corps grotesque dans Gulliver's Travels.” Q/W/E/R/T/Y: Arts, Littératures & Civilisations du Monde Anglophone 2001 Oct; 11: 47-58.

McElroy, Bernard. Fiction of the Modern Grotesque. New York: St. Martin's 1989.

McNeil, David. The Grotesque Depiction of War and the Military in Eighteenth-Century English Fiction. Newark: University of Delaware Press, 1990.

Meindl Dieter. American Fiction and the Metaphysics of the Grotesque. Columbia: U Missouri P, 1996.

Mendik, Xavier. “A Tasteless Art: Waters, Kaufman and the Pursuit of 'Pure' Gross-Out.” pp. 204-20 IN: Mendik, Xavier (ed. and introd.) Schneider, Steven Jay (ed. and introd.) Kaufman, Lloyd (foreword). Underground U.S.A.: Filmmaking Beyond the Hollywood Canon. London, England: Wallflower, 2002.

Meyer, Michael J., ed. Literature and the Grotesque. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1995.

Miles,  Margaret. "Carnal Abominations: the Female Body as Grotesque." Adams and Yates 83-112.

Miller, Paul Allen. “The Otherness of History in Rabelais' Carnival and Juvenal's Sature, or Why Bakhtin Got It Right the First Time.” pp. 141-63 IN: Eds. Barta, Peter I., Miller, Paul Allen, Platter, Charles, Shepherd, David. Carnivalizing Difference: Bakhtin and the Other. London, England: Routledge 2001.

Mills, Alice. “Fungus and Sex.” Mills 167-79.

___, ed. Seriously Weird: Papers on the Grotesque. New York: Peter Lang, 1999.

Mitchell, David. “Modernist Freaks and Postmodern Geeks.” pp. 348-65 IN: Davis, Lennard J. (ed. and introd.); The Disability Studies Reader. New York, NY: Routledge; 1997. (x, 454 pp.)

Mock, Roberta. “Female Jewish Comedians: Grotesque Mimesis and Transgressing Stereotypes.” New Theatre Quarterly, 1999 May 15 (2 (58)): 99-108.

Morace, Robert A. “From Sacred Hoops to Bingo Palaces: Louise Erdrich's Carnivalesque Fiction.” The Chippewa Landscape of Louise Erdrich. Ed. Allan Chavkin. Tuscaloosa, AL: U of Alabama Pm 1999: 35-66.

Mortimer, Lorraine. “The Castle, the Garbage Bin and the High-Voltage Tower.” Meanjin (Meanjin) 1998; 57 (1): 116-24.

Moss, Betty. “Desire and the Female Grotesque in Angela Carter's 'Peter and the Wolf.'” pp. 187-203 IN: Roemer, Danielle M. (ed. and introd.) Bacchilega, Cristina (ed. and introd.) Angela Carter and the Fairy Tale. Detroit, MI: Wayne State UP 2001.

___. “Feminine Desire and Grotesque Narrative in Angela Carter's Fiction.” Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 1997 Sept; 58 (3): 885-86. U of South Florida, 1997.

Murphy, A. Mary. “Carrington: The Culturally Grotesque Hybrid Monster.” A/B: Auto/Biography Studies, 2000 Summer 15 (1): 82-95.

Newman, Robert. “(Re)Imaging the Grotesque: Francis Bacon's Crucifixion Triptyphs.” pp. 205-22 IN: Andrew, Dudley (ed., preface, and introd.); Shafto, Sally (assistant ed.); The Image in Dispute: Art and Cinema in the Age of Photography. Austin, TX: U of Texas P; 1997. (xvi, 331 pp.)

O'Connor, Flannery. "Some Aspects of the Grotesque in Southern Fiction." Collected Works. Ed. Sally Fitzgerald. New York: Library of America, 1988: 813-21.

O'Connor, WIlliam Van. The Grotesque: An American Genre, and Other Essays. Carbondale, SIU Press, 1962.

Ogowa, Yasuhiro. "Grinning Death's-Head: Hamlet and the Vision of the Grotesque."  Adams and Yates 193-226,

Olson, Marilynn. “Turn-of-the-Century Grotesque: The Uptons' Golliwogg and Dolls in Context.” Children's Literature: Annual of The Modern Language Association Division on Children's Literature and The Children's Literature Association, 2000 28: 73-94.

Owomoyela, Oyekan. Amos Tutuola Revisited. New York: Twayne, 1999.

Pascual, Eduardo Bernardo. “'Some Monster in Thy Thought/Too Hideous to be Shown': The Evolution of the Grotesque in Shakespearean Drama.” Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 2003 Apr; 63 (10): 3565. Indiana U, Pennsylvania, 2002.DA3067753

Phillips, Maggi. “Madame Koto: Grotesque Creatrix or the Paradox of Psychic Health?.” Mills 35-49.

Platt, Kevin M. F. History in a Grotesque Key: Russian Literature and the Idea of Revolution. Stanford, CA: Stanford UP; 1997. (xi, 293 pp.)

Poole, Kristen. “Facing Puritanism: Falstaff, Martin Marprelate and the Grotesque Puritan.” pp. 97-122 IN: Knowles, Ronald (ed. and introd.); Shakespeare and Carnival: After Bakhtin. Houndmills, England; New York, NY: Macmillan; St. Martin's; 1998. (x, 232 pp.)

Poole, Kristen. “Facing Puritanism: Falstaff, Martin Marprelate, and the Grotesque Puritan.” pp. 97-122 IN: Knowles, Ronald (ed. and introd.); Shakespeare and Carnival: After Bakhtin. London, England; New York, NY: Macmillan; St. Martin's; 1998. (x, 232 pp.)

Pops, Martin. "The Metamorphoses of Shit." Salmagundi 56 (Spring 1982).

Presley, John Woodrow. “'Kakaopoetic Lippudenies of the Ungumptious': Imagery of Art and the Artist in Finnegans Wake.” Mills 119-34.

Price, David W. “Bakhtinian Prosaics, Grotesque Realism, and the Question of the Carnivalesque in Bret Easton Ellis's American Psycho.” Southern Humanities Review 1998 Fall; 32 (4): 321-46.

Raiger, Michael. “'Large and Startling Figures': The Grotesque and the Sublime in the Short Stories of Flannery O'Connor.” pp. 242-70 IN: Mahoney, John L. (ed. and preface); Seeing into the Life of Things: Essays on Literature and Religious Experience. New York, NY: Fordham UP; 1998. (xx, 364 pp.)

Ratcliffe, Greg. “Terror Australis: Rodney Hall's The Second Bridegroom.” Mills 13-33

Rehder, Ernest. “Borges and the Esoteric: Skepticism, Structure and the Grotesque in His Tales.” For Borges: A Collection of Critical Essays and Fiction on the Centennial of His Birth (1899-1999). Ed. Joseph Tyler Carrollton, GA: State U of West Georgia, 1999: 33-39.

Robbins, Alexandra “The Fairy-Tale Facade: Cinderella's Anti-Grotesque Dream.” Journal of Popular Culture 1998 Winter; 32 (3): 101-15.

Roberts, Harri. “A Tower of Babel: Heteroglossia, the Grotesque, and the (De)Construction of Meaning in Glyn Jones's The Valley, the City, The Village and Niall Griffiths's Grits.” Welsh Writing in English: A Yearbook of Critical Essays, 2001-2002 7: 106-29.

Roh, Seung-Hee. “The Economy of the Grotesque Body in A Chaste Maid in Cheapside.” Feminist Studies in English Literature, 2000 Winter 7 (2): 187-219.

Ruskin, John. "Grotesque Renaissance." The Stones of Venice. Vol. 3. New York: Bryan, Taylor & Company, 1894: 102-50.

Russo, Mary J. The Female Grotesque: Risk, Excess, and Modernity. New York: Routledge, 1995.

Schechter, Madeleine. “The 'Grotesque' or 'Aesthetic Liminality' in the Theory of Theatre: Lear as Fool.” Assaph: Studies in the Theatre 1997; 13: 135-53.

Schnabel, William. “American Grotesque Tales by Joyce Carol Oates.” Iris, 2002-2003 Winter 24: 381-97.

Shieff, Sarah. “Devouring Women: Corporeality and Autonomy in Fiction by Women since the 1960s.” pp. 214-30 IN: Braziel, Jana Evans (ed. and introd.)

Sherman, Yael. "Tracing the Carnival Spirit in Buffy the Vampire Slayer: Feminist Reworkings of the Grotesque. thirdpsace 3/2 (March 2004): 89-107 (print): http://www.thirdspace.ca/articles/3_2_sherman.htm.

Skrade, Carl. God and the Grotesque. Philadelphia: Westminster, 1974.

Snodgrass, Chris. Aubrey Beardsley: Dandy of the Grotesque. New York: Oxford U P, 1995.

Solomon, William. “Wound Culture, the 1930s, and the Documentary Grotesque.” Arizona Quarterly: A Journal of American Literature, Culture, and Theory, 2002 Winter 58 (4): 81-105.

Stafford, Barbara Maria. "Grotesques, or Ars Combinatoria." Body Criticism: Imaging the Unseen in Enlightenment Art and Medicine. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1991: 266-79.

Starnes, Leland. “The Grotesque Children of The Rose Tattoo.” pp. 94-106 IN: Martin, Robert A. (ed. and introd.); Critical Essays on Tennessee Williams. New York, NY: G. K. Hall; 1997. (xviii, 312 pp.)

Starr, Paul. “More Than Organic: Science Fiction and the Grotesque.” Mills 135-52.

Stechow,  Wolfgang. "Hieronymous Bosch: the Grotesque and We." Adams and Yates 113-24.

Steig, Michael. 'Defining the Grotesque: An Attempt at Synthesis', in Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, Summer 1970.

Stephens, Madeline Anne. “Knickers Must Fall: A Cultural Analysis of the Carnivalesque and Grotesque in the Plays of Joe Orton.” Dissertation Abstracts International, Section A: The Humanities and Social Sciences, 1999 Oct 60 (4): 943. Bowling Green State U, 1998.

Stirling, Grant. “Ortonesque/Carnivalesque: The Grotesque Realism of Joe Orton.” Journal of Dramatic Theory and Criticism 1997 Spring; 11 (2): 41-63.

Styan, John Louis. The Dark Comedy, Cambridge, 2nd ed., 1968.

Symonds, John Addington. 'Caricature, the Fantastic, the Grotesque', in Essays Speculative and Suggestive, 2. vols., London/New York, 1970.

Thompson, G. R. “Interdisciplinarity and Romantic Narrative: Analogues of the Visual Arts in the Literature of the Grotesque, Gothic, and Arabesque.” Yearbook of Comparative and General Literature, 2001 49: 101-38.

Thomson, Philip. The Grotesque. The Critical Idiom. London: Methuen, 1972.

Todorov, Tzvetan. The Fantastic: A Structural Approach to a Literary Genre. Trans. Richard Howard. Ithaca, NY: Cornell U P, 1970.

Tolley, Michael. “Grotesque Imaginings: Peaking through Keyholes.” Mills 153-66.

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